Jennifer Khoury

  • Michael G. Degroote Post-Doctoral Fellow

Jennifer Khoury is a Michael G. Degroote Post-Doctoral Fellow under the mentorship of Drs. Andrea Gonzalez and Terry Bennett. Jennifer received her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology at Ryerson University, under the supervision of Dr. Leslie Atkinson. She completed a post-doctoral fellowship at Cambridge Hospital and Harvard Medical School, under the mentorship of Dr. Karlen Lyons-Ruth. Jennifer's research examines biological stress and emotion regulation as potential links between variant forms of early life stress (e.g., parent mental health, parent-infant interaction, child maltreatment) and developmental psychopathology. Her research examines both typical and atypical development, spanning from the prenatal period to adulthood, using experimental and observational research methods as well as meta-analyses.

Current Activities

At the Offord Centre, Jennifer is currently developing a behavioural coding scheme to assess child, parent, and dyadic emotion regulation. Jennifer is contributing to the Making the Race Fair (Family Check Up) project, a multi-modal, multi-informant family-based assessment and early intervention. She intends to assess both emotion regulation and chronic stress physiology as mechanisms of change in this family-based intervention.  In addition, she plans to continue her meta-analytic research program by assessing outcomes associated with child maltreatment.


  • Khoury, J. E., Jamieson, B., Gonzalez, A., & Atkinson, L. (in press). Child depressive symptoms: Associations with salivary cortisol and alpha amylase in two distinct challenges. Biological Psychology.
  • Khoury, J. E., Bosquet Enlow, M., Plamondon, A., & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2019). The association between adversity and hair cortisol levels in humans: A Meta-Analysis. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 103, 104-117.
  • Khoury, J. E., Piechtel, P., Andersen, C.M., Teicher, M.H., & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2019).  Relations among maternal withdrawal in infancy, borderline personality disorder features, suicidality/self-injury, and adult hippocampal volume: A 30-year longitudinal study. Behavioural Brain Research, 374, 112139.
  • Khoury, J. E., Zona, K., Bertha, E., Choi-Kain, L., Henninghausen, K., & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2019). Disorganized attachment interactions among young adults with Borderline Personality Disorder, other diagnoses, and no diagnosis. Journal of Personality Disorders. e-pub ahead of print.
  • Nyström-Hansen, M., Andersen, M. S., Khoury, J. E., Davidsen, K., Gumley, A., Lyons-Ruth, K., MacBeth, A., & Harder, S. (2019). Hair cortisol in the perinatal period mediates associations between maternal adversity and disrupted maternal interaction in early infancy. Developmental Psychobiology, 61(4), 543-556.
  • Fitzpatrick, S., Khoury, J. E., Krantz, L., Zeifman, R., & Kuo, J. R. (2019). Next-day effects of dysfunctional and functional emotion regulation and the moderating role of experiential avoidance. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 12, 22-28.
  • Madigan, S., Prime, H., Graham, S., Rodrigues, M., Anderson, N., Khoury, J. E., & Jenkins, J. (2019). Parenting Behavior and Child Language: A Meta-Analysis. Pediatrics, 144(4), e20183556.
  • Khoury, J. E., Jamieson, B., & Milligan, K. (2018). Risk for childhood internalizing and externalizing behaviour problems in the context of prenatal alcohol exposure: A meta-analysis and comprehensive examination of moderators. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 42, 1358-1377.
  • Andrews, N., Motz, M., Pepler, D., Jeong, J., & Khoury, J. E. (2018). Engaging mothers with substance use issues and their children in early intervention: Understanding use of service and outcomes. Child Abuse and Neglect, 83, 10-20.
  • Fitzpatrick, S., Khoury, J. E., Kuo, J. R. (2018). Examining the relationship between emotion regulation deficits and Borderline Personality Disorder features: A daily diary study. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 31, 42-58.
  • England-Mason, G., Khoury, J. E., Atkinson, L., Hall, G., & Gonzalez, G. (2017). Attentional avoidance of emotional stimuli in postpartum women with childhood history of maltreatment and difficulties with emotion regulation. Emotion, 18, 424-438.
  • England-Mason, G., Kimber, M., Khoury, J. E., Atkinson, L., MacMillan, H., & Gonzalez, A. (2017).  Difficulties with emotion regulation moderate the association between childhood history of maltreatment and cortisol reactivity in postpartum women. Hormones and Behaviour, 95, 44-56.
  • Khoury, J. E., Gonzalez, A., Levitan, R., Masellis, M, Basile, V, & Atkinson, L. (2016). Maternal self-reported depressive symptoms and maternal cortisol levels interact to predict infant cortisol levels. Infant Mental Health Journal, 37, 125-139.
  • Khoury, J. E., & Milligan, K. (2016). Comparing executive functioning in children and adolescents with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A meta-analysis. Journal of Attention Disorders, 1-15.
  • Khoury, J. E., Gonzalez, A., Levitan, R., Masellis, M., Basile, V., & Atkinson, L. (2016). Infant emotion regulation strategy moderates relations between self-reported maternal depressive symptoms and infant cortisol reactivity. Infant and Child Development, 25, 64-83.
  • Atkinson, L., Jamieson, B., Khoury, J. E., Ludmer, J., & Gonzalez, A. (2016). Stress physiology in infancy and early childhood: Cortisol flexibility, attunement, and coordination. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 28, 1-12.
  • Khoury, J. E., Milligan, K., & Girard, T. (2015). Executive functioning in children and adolescents prenatally exposed to alcohol: A meta-analysis. Neuropsychology Review, 25, 149-170.
  • Khoury, J. E., Gonzalez, A., Levitan, R.D., Pruessner, J.C., Chopra, K., Basile, V., Masellis, M., Goodwill, A., & Atkinson, L. (2015). Summary cortisol reactivity indicators: interrelations and meaning. Neurobiology of Stress, 2, 34-43.
  • Milligan, K., Khoury, J. E., Benoit, D. & Atkinson, L. (2015). Maternal attachment and mind-mindedness: The role of emotional specificity. Attachment and Human Development, 17, 302-318.
  • Kuo, J. R., Khoury, J. E., Metcalfe, R., Fitzpatrick, S., & Goodwill, A. (2015). An examination of the relationship between childhood emotional abuse and Borderline Personality Disorder features: The role of difficulties with emotion regulation. Child Abuse and Neglect: An International Journal, 39, 147-155.
  • Atkinson, L., Beitchman, J., Gonzalez, J., Young, A. Wilson, B., Escobar, B., Chisholm, V. Brownlie, E. B., Khoury, J. E., Ludmer, J., & Villani, V. (2015). Cumulative risk, cumulative outcome: A 20-year longitudinal study. PLoS ONE, 10, e0127650.

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Research Interests

  • Developmental psychopathology
  • Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis
  • Emotion regulation
  • Parent-child interactions
  • Childhood maltreatment
  • Meta-analysis

Education, Memberships & Certifications

  • Ph.D. (Clinical Psychology), Ryerson University
  • M.A. (Clinical Psychology), Ryerson University
  • B.Sc. (Honours Psychology), University of Toronto